informal learning / science centre & education

Contextual Model of Learning – John Falk and Lynn Dierking



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Falk, J. H. (2001). Free-Choice Science Learning: Framing the Discussion. In: J. H. Falk (Ed.), Free-Choice Science Education. How We Learn Science Outside of School, pp 3-20. New York: Teacher College Press.

Falk, J. H. (2004). The Director’s Cut: Toward an Improved Understanding of Learning from Museums. In: Science Education, 88(Suppl.1), S83-S96.

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Gutwill, J. (2002). Providing explanations to visitors affects their inquiry behavior: A study of the Downhill Race exhibit. (Available from the Exploratorium, 3601 Lyon St, San Francisco, CA 94123.)

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Gutwill-Wise, J.,&Allen, S. (2002). Finding significance: Testing methods for encouraging meaningmaking in a science museum. Current Trends in Audience Analysis, 15, 5–11.



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Hein, G. E. (2003). Final summary evaluation report for Traits of Life, a collection of life science exhibits. (Available from the Exploratorium, 3601 Lyon St, San Francisco, CA 94123.) Also available at

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